Having a sense of environmental protection has become a trend. As the world’s second largest natural resource consuming and polluting industry, the clothing industry is changing year by year. The material being used have changed from bamboo, hemp to recycled plastics. Now Australian biotechnology company Nanollose further uses coconut waste to develop artificial fiber fabrics without plants, which is much cleaner than cotton materials.
The reason why the clothing industry is known as the second major polluting industries is that the raw materials for the manufacture of textiles occupy a large amount of agricultural land, not to say that a large number of chemicals are consumed in the follow-up process to eliminate pests and process fiber, and a large amount of precious water is wasted during the process.
Alfie Germano, the president of Nanollose, points out that in order to create artificial fibers currently used for clothing, it is necessary to cut down numerous trees,shredding and then treat wood pulp with dangerous chemicals. It takes 2700 liters of water to make enough cotton for a T-shirt, equivalent to two and a half years of water for one person to intake.
One-off culture has shaped the shopping habits that we used to be fond of the new and tired of the old, especially clothing. We seldom reflect on the waste of resources behind them. In order to change this culture, many designers have launched new textiles, such as the Holland designer Aniela Hoitink developed the material from the mushroom mycelium, and after discarding it can directly join the ranks of the compost.
But do we have the opportunity to wear new clothes without cutting down trees? Maybe we do. Nanollose is now developing an exclusive technology that can use organic coconut waste to convert artificial fibers, called “Nullarbor”, which has shown the first batch of completely plant free fabric.
This fiber is actually produced by the fermentation of a non infectious microorganism. According to small caps, the company’s “ferment fashion” concept originated in 2006, when the company founder Gary Cass was only an agricultural scientist and a winemaker, first made a batch of bad wines, and then found that it could be fermented into dry leather materials and eventually created Nanollose company in 2014.
In addition to coconut waste, new technologies can also convert raw materials, such as wine and beer, into fiber, and no longer need to invest in a large amount of land, pesticides, and irrigation water; Nanollose has signed a memorandum with an Indonesian food producer, PT Supra Natami Utama, to prepare a large amount of coconut waste and produce synthetic fiber on a large scale.